* Hungarian

This version is for Unicode-compliant browsers that can handle the special letters used in Hungarian orthography. Others should use the ASCII version.


The vowel system comprises 14 phonemes, as follows.

	SAMPA symbol	Orthography		Transcription

	i		hit			hit
	i:		szít			 si:t
	E		vet			vEt
	e:		méz			 me:z
	O 		hat			hOt
	a:		láb			 la:b
	o		sok			Sok
	o:		pók			 po:k
	2		köt			 k2t
	2:		sőt 			 S2:t
	u		fut			fut
	u:		kút			 ku:t
	y		süt			 Syt
	y:		fűt 			 fy:t


The consonant system comprises 24 phonemes, as follows.

	p		Pál			 pa:l
	b		bál			 ba:l
	t		tár			 ta:r
	d		dán			 da:n
	t'		tyúk			 t'u:k
	d'		gyár			 d'a:r
	k		kád			 ka:d
	g		gát			 ga:t
	ts		cél			 tse:l
	dz		bodza			bodza
	tS		cső 			 tS2:
	dZ		dzsem			dZEm
	f		fát			 fa:t
	v		vád			 va:d
	s		szép			 se:p
	z		zár			 za:r
	S		só			 So:
	Z		zsír			 Zi:r
	m		már			 ma:r
	n		nád			 na:d
	J		nyom			Jom
	r		rák			 ra:k
	l		láp			 la:p
	j		jön, lyuk		 j2n, juk
	h		hát			 ha:t
	x		achát			 Oxa:t
It is convenient for some purposes to symbolize separately the following salient allophones:
for the phoneme /h/:
	x		doh			dox
	x		ihlet			ixlEt
	h\		lehet			lEh\Et

for the phoneme /j/:
	x'		kapj			kOpx'

for the phonemes /m, n/
	F		kámfor			ka:Ffor
			hamvas			hOFvOS
			honvágy			hoFva:d'
			honfitárs		hoFfita:rS
	N		ing			iNg
			tönk			t2Nk

Consonant length is distinctive in Hungarian. All consonants may be phonemically short or long (geminate); this contrast operates in intervocalic and final-postvocalic positions.

SAMPA home page
UCL Phonetics and Linguistics home page
BABEL home page

Established on the initiative of Klára Vicsi. Maintained by J.C. Wells. Unicode version created 1998 April 23. Amended 1998 July 29, 1999 September 02, 2002 July 18.