AUDL 4007 January 2013
Speech, Hearing and Phonetic Sciences
Division of Psychology & Language Sciences, UCL
2 Wakefield Street
London WC1N 1PF
This unit will provide advanced training in aspects of auditory perception that are particularly relevant to understanding both normal and impaired auditory function. An emphasis will be placed on the fundamental aspects of hearing such as frequency analysis, temporal analysis, pitch perception, intensity perception and binaural processing.
The course is run in the second term only, on Thursday afternoons, starting on 10 January 2013.
There is no meeting on 14 February due to it being reading week.
The course comprises a mixture of lectures, demonstrations, laboratory sessions and tutorials.
Venue and scheduling:
All sessions start at 14:00 in
The lectures will be in Room G10. We will typically move to B07 (the teaching laboratory) after the lecture.
|Stuart Rosen ||020 7679 7404 ||email@example.com ||course organiser |
|Steve Nevard ||020 7679 3156 ||firstname.lastname@example.org ||experimental officer |
|Dave Cushing ||020 7679 7400 ||email@example.com ||laboratory technician |
Plack C. (2005) The Sense of Hearing. Erlbaum.
- BCJ Moore (ed) (1986) Frequency Selectivity in Hearing. London: Academic Press.
Does what it says on the tin, with thorough accounts of the psychoacoustics of frequency selectivity, plus more.
- S Gelfand (2004) Hearing: An Introduction to Psychological and Physiological Acoustics, Fourth Edition, Revised and Expanded.
A nearly complete resource for anatomy, physiology and psychoacoustics. Especially good on the middle ear.
- R Plomp (2002) The Intelligent Ear, Lawrence Erlbaum, Mahwah New Jersey. A very accessible account of hearing.
- BCJ Moore (2003). An Introduction to the Psychology of Hearing, 5th ed. (Academic Press). A very complete guide to the literature, but at an advanced level.
- WA Yost (2006) Fundamentals of Hearing: An Introduction, 5th ed. (Academic Press). A more elementary exposition. Particularly good on the anatomy & physiology.
- J Schnupp, E Nelken & A King (2010) Auditory Neuroscience: Making Sense of Sound (MIT Press).
A new book with much more discussion of the neural substrates of perception, and focus on a more limited range of topics.
Worth a look. There is also an extensive web site containing animations and demonstrations.
- D Moore, P Fuchs, A Palmer, A Rees & C Plack (2010) Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science: The Ear, The Auditory Brain, Hearing
Assessment for the BSc and PLING 304
You must pass the final exam to pass the course.
Assessment for the MSc
- 2 pieces of coursework, each worth 15% of the final mark (max 1000 words each),
both based on doing the work of a science journalist by summarising a chosen
paper in a style suitable for a quality daily newspaper. You will received feedback
on one version of this, and re-write.
- A 2-hour written paper (70%)
- 1 piece of coursework (max 1000 words), again doing the work of a science
journalist by summarising a chosen paper in a style suitable for a quality daily newspaper (10% of the module mark).
- A written paper covering the material in other courses as well as this one (80% of the module mark).
The final exam for the BSc students will take place in the main exam period.
It will consist of a set of 6 essay type questions, of which you must answer 5.
This allows 24 mins/question.
Generally speaking, there is a straightforward question associated with one or more lecture topics,
as for the exams in 2009
The exam in 2007
was in a slightly different format.
Here are some example questions with tips for model answers
The exam format for the MSc students will be announced later.
Course work BSc Audiology and PLING 304
Write two articles for a lay audience summarizing the crucial results of a journal article relevant to this course,
in a style appropriate for a quality daily newspaper
The use of graphics and diagrams is more than welcome, but is not required.
Below you will find a few articles that would be appropriate, but please choose your own.
You must email the .pdf first so I can assess its suitability.
A good source of relevant papers can be found in the following journals, although other,more general journals, can sometimes have appropriate studies too (e.g., Nature and Science).
You can gain access to these through the UCL library page http://www.ucl.ac.uk/Library/ejournal/ejtitle.shtml
- Journal of the Acoustical Society of America in the Psychological Acoustics section. This is the pre-eminent journal in the field with a wide variety of studies concerning both normal and impaired hearing.
- Ear & Hearing Oriented more towards clinically-relevant issues.
- International Journal of Audiology
- JARO (Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology)
- Hearing Research
- Audiology & Neuro-otology
- Attention, Perception & Psychophysics (formerly known as Perception & Psychophysics )
The following are examples of articles that would be appropriate, but please do not use these.
Get an article from within last 3 years or so. Ensure that the articule you select is not a review
article in which much of the work is done for you already! It must be a primary research paper, although
an appropriate meta-analysis of a some clinical procedure might be OK.
Read any article you propose to use beforehand to ensure that it can be explained to a lay audience!
Note that you may need to read ahead of the syllabus for some topics.
- Baker, R. J. & Rosen,
S. (2002). Auditory filter nonlinearity in mild/moderate
hearing impairment. Journal of the
Acoustical Society of America, 111, 1330-1339.
Y. Y., Cruz, R., Jones, J. A., & Zeng, F. G.
(2004). Music perception with temporal cues in
acoustic and electric hearing. Ear
and Hearing, 25, 173-185.
- Musiek, F. E., Shinn, J. B., Jirsa, R., Bamiou, D. E., Baran, J. A., & Zaidan, E.
(2005). GIN (Gaps-In-Noise) test performance in subjects with confirmed
central auditory nervous system involvement. Ear and Hearing, 26, 608-618.
- Neuman, A. C., Haravon,
A., Sislian, N., & Waltzman,
S. B. (2007). Sound-direction identification with
bilateral cochlear implants. Ear
and Hearing, 28, 73-82.
- van Hoesel, R., Ramsden, R., & O'Driscoll, M.
(2002). Sound-direction identification, interaural
time delay discrimination, and speech intelligibility advantages in noise for a
bilateral cochlear implant user. Ear
and Hearing, 23, 137-149.
I. & Plack, C. J. (2005). Psychophysical
tuning curves at very high frequencies. Journal
of the Acoustical Society of America, 118, 2498-2506.
Articles should be 1000 words or less.
Your article should introduce the basic topic and discuss the motivation of the author(s) in doing the study,
as well report the results and their implications.
Ensure you use language any reasonably well-educated person could understand.
Do not simply paraphrase (or outright plagiarise!) the author(s).
Unlike an article in the popular press, you should have a reference list.
An appropriate style can be found in this example
or this one
, all from Nature News.
Again, use the library page to access the ejournal and locate the full article by date.
You will submit your work in hard copy and in an email to me.
Please also submit a hard copy of the article your essay was based on.
For the BSc Audiology and any others doing both pieces of coursework,
the following deadlines are crucial:
- 17 January: Choose a paper and email the title and the pdf to firstname.lastname@example.org for approval
- 7 February: Hand in essay 1
- 21 February: Essay 1 returned with comments
- 21 February: After looking at the comments on essay 1, choose and have approved a second paper (in a different topic area) by email to email@example.com
- 28 February: Hand in rewritten final version of essay 1 to be marked
- 14 March: Bring two hard copies (double-spaced) of essay 2 to the lab session, where fellow students will read them and give you feedback
- 21 March: Hand in final version of essay 2 to be marked
Course work MSc Audiological Science
You will do the same second assignment that the BSc students do. Read the guidelines above carefully.
Please bring two hard copies (double-spaced) of your essay and a copy of your chosen paper to the lab session on 14 March 2013
where fellow students will read them and give you feedback.
You will hand in the revised version of your essay (with the paper you chose)
on 21 March 2013
Week by Week
This website will be updated frequently though the term. You can see how the teaching
in previous years has run for
Journal articles that are suggested reading are readily accessible through the reading list in Moodle.
Unless otherwise indicated, lectures will be given by Prof Stuart Rosen.
Week 1: 10 January 2013: Introduction to the course, and a review of peripheral auditory physiology
- You need to be reasonably familiar with the basic concepts of signals & systems analysis, as detailed in
Signals and Systems for Speech and Hearing.
A good way to review this material would be to do
this set of laboratory exercises,
which requires you to install
a computer program for demonstrating various aspects of signals passing through systems.
- Chapters 1-3 in Plack also summarise the basic aspects of acoustics, signals & systems you need to be familiar with,
with Chapter 4 covering the basic physiology.
- Schnupp et al. too cover these areas well, with a different focus and more emphasis on the physiology of the ear.
- Yost's chapters 6-9 on the anatomy and physiology are very clear, extensive and easy to get to grips with.
- Chapter 12 in
Signals and Systems for Speech and Hearing, 2nd edition gives a thorough summary of the ear as a signal processor.
Week 2: 17 January 2013: Envelope and Temporal Fine Structure (TFS) & technical preludes to frequency selectivity
Read: Rosen, S. (1992) Temporal information in speech: Acoustic, auditory and linguistic aspects.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 336: 367-373.
Week 3: 24 January 2013: Binaural hearing (Prof D McAlpine)
Read Ch 9 in Plack. Ch 5 in Schnupp et al. could also be useful.
Week 4: 31 January 2013: Frequency selectivity
Read Ch 5 in Plack.
Week 5: 7 February 2013: Intensity and loudness
Read Ch 6 in Plack.
Reading week: 14 February 2013: No teaching
Week 6: 21 February 2013: Pitch perception (Dr A Faulkner)
Read Ch 7 in Plack and Ch 3 in Schnupp et al.
Week 7: 28 February 2013: Temporal resolution & Psychoacoustics of hearing impairment
For temporal resolution, read Ch 8 in Plack.
For more on the psychoacoustics of hearing impairment, read:
- Moore, B. C. J. (1987). "Psychophysics of Normal and Impaired Hearing," British Medical Bulletin 43, 887-908.
- Moore, B. C. J. (1996). "Perceptual consequences of cochlear hearing loss and their implications for the design of hearing," Ear and Hearing 17, 133-161.
- Moore, B. C. J. (2002). "Psychoacoustics of normal and impaired hearing," British Medical Bulletin 63, 121-134.
This is a really excellent summary about
auditory compression and hearing loss
and this short article describes dead regions
in a very informative way.
Week 8: 7 March 2013: Cochlear implants
- Chapter 8 in Schnupp et al. 'Auditory Prostheses: From the Lab to the Clinic and Back Again'
- Although a little bit out-of-date, most of the basic concepts are explained well in here. Perhaps useful only to read up to about p 6:
Loizou, P. C. (1999). "Introduction to cochlear implants," IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine 18, 32-42.
- More than you want to know about speech processing schemes:
Loizou, P. C. (1999b).
"Signal-processing techniques for cochlear implants - A review of progress in deriving electrical stimuli from the speech signal,"
IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine 18, 34-46.
Week 9: 14 March 2013: Auditory Scene Analysis (ASA)
- Ch 10 in Plack
Bregman, A. S. (1993). "Auditory scene analysis: Listening in complex environments,"
in Thinking in Sound, edited by McAdams, S. E. and Bigand, E. (Oxford University Press,London), pp.10-36.
- Ch 6 in Schnupp et al. might also be useful, and the
accompanying web site has some good demonstrations.
- A very extensive description about ASA, including all the demonstrations played in class
(and lots of others), can be found on this
web site by Al Bregman.
Week 10: 21 March 2013: Hearing speech in noise
Read this excellent paper about energetic and informational masking:
Shinn-Cunningham, B. G. (2008). "Object-based auditory and visual attention," Trends Cog. Sci. p 12, 182-186.
Term ends 22 March 2013
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