Note: in the representation of Croatian orthography shown below,
cwith an acute accent;
d'stands for a barred
c^ s^ z^stand for
c s zwith a wedge accent (hacek).
SAMPA symbol Orthography Transcription GlossVowels. There are five vowels in Croatian. Additionally,
rcan function as a vowel.
i sir "sir <F> cheese e pet "pe:t <F> five a sat "sa:t <F> watch o bol "bo:l <F> pain u put "pu:t <F> way r prst "prst <F> finger
Consonants. The Croatian consonant system comprises 17 obstruents and 7 sonorant phonemes.
p pas "pas <F> dog b bas "bas <F> base t tip "ti:p <F> type d dan "da:n <F> day k kap "ka:p <F> drop g gol "go:l <F> naked ts cura "tsura <F> girl tS c^ar "tSa:r <F> thrill dZ dz^ep "dZep <F> pocket tS' noc' "no:tS'<F> night dZ' d'ak "dZ'a:k <F> pupil f fonetika fo"ne-Rtika phonetics s sat "sa:t <F> hour z zid "zi:d <F> wall S s^ef "Se:f <F> chief Z z^ena "Zena <R> woman x hod "xo:d <F> walking m most "mo:st <F> bridge n noga "noga <R> leg J njiva "Jiva <F> field l lud "lu:d <F> mad L ljut "Lu:t <F> bitter r ruka "ru:ka <R> hand v\ vid "v\i:d <F> sight j ja "ja: <F> IConventions (Assimilation). Phonemes in contact can be assimilated and pronounced as allophonic variants. Some of these allophonic variants can be regarded as the neutral realizations of some other phoneme (for example, replacement of voiced obstruents by their voiceless counterparts and vice versa). Such cases are not exemplified here. We exemplify those allophones which are different from neutral realizations of Croatian phonemes.
//  Orthog. Transcription Gloss f v s^ef bi "Se:vbi boss would ts dz zec bi "ze:dzbi rabbit would h G dah bi "daGbi breath would S S' mis^ c'e "miS'tS'e mouse will Z Z' ruz^ d'ine "ru:Z'"dZ'ine Gina's lipstick m F tramvaj "traFv\aj tram n N banka "baNka bankStress and Accent. There are two word tones in Croatian:
-F, -R. Accented vowels can be short or long. The intersection of tones and lengths in accented syllables results in four word accents. They are not shown in orthography.
long fall pas "pa:s <F> belt short fall pas "pas <F> dog long rise ruka "ru:ka <R> hand short rise noga "noga <R> legUnstressed syllables preceding the stressed one are always short while syllables following the unstressed one can be short or long.
short unstr. noga "noga <R> leg long unstr. noga "no:ga: <R> legs (gen.)
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This page is maintained by J.C. Wells. It was created 1997 May 06 on the initiative of Juraj Bakran and Damir Horga.