Unicode version with Cyrillic
The vowel system of Contemporary Standard Bulgarian comprises 6 phonemes, as follows.
SAMPA symbol Gloss and... Transcription of keyword i peak pik e heat pek a again pak @ but p@k O under pOt u crack! puk
In unstressed positions there is considerable qualitative reduction of vowels.
The consonant system comprises 21 'hard' (non-palatalized) phonemes, as follows.
p again pak b ball bal t there tam d give dam k how kak g gas gas ts tsar tsar dz ting dz@n tS pine tSam dZ glass dZam f foul fal v bank val s alone sam z dice zar S shawl Sal Z pity Zal x plight xal m swing max n us nas l varnish lak r once rasplus the semivowel
j eaten jal
There are also 17 'soft' (palatalized or palatal) consonants, which are shown by the symbol
' (ASCII 39) written after the consonant symbol. Before /i, e/ they do not contrast with the corresponding 'hard' consonants, but elsewhere they do.
p' sung p'al b' white b'al t' them t'ax d' share d'al k' profit k'ar g' rose g'ul ts' whole ts'al dz' waste dz'an f' phew! f'ut v' apathetic v'al s' sown s'al z' waste z'an x' Hume (name) x'um m' wineskin m'ax n' dumb n'am l' poured l'ax r' cut r'as
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Maintained by J.C. Wells. Last modified 1998 April 17