Put phonetic symbols
|< before and ^ after|
NB. Most other fonts do not include phonetic symbols.
There are several ways to do this. Choose the way you find easiest.
Find the symbol you need in the table below, then copy (Ctrl-C) and paste (Ctrl-V) it into your document. (You could do View | Text Size | Larger to see the symbols more easily.)
|Symbols essential for English phonetics|
|Length marks, stress marks, diacritics
(put diacritics AFTER the letter they go with)
|ː||ˑ||ˈ||ˌ||Syllabic, devoiced →||̩||̥|
|Other useful symbols|
|Useful letter-plus-diacritic combinations|
Disadvantages: You need to keep this page on-screen. Some symbols are not shown here.
Advantages: Easy. You can even define a Shortcut Key for a symbol you need a lot.
Disadvantages: Fiddly. The on-screen symbols are very small. Some diacritics are too small to distinguish. (This criticism does not apply to Word 2002, where the drop-down box is much improved.)
Advantages: Gives a label for each character, helping you to be sure you've got the right one.
Disadvantages: Even more fiddly. Doesn’t work in older versions of Windows.
|^ Insert | Symbol ... AutoCorrect >|
The Unicode number must be in hexadecimal form; e.g. the number for the velar nasal is 014B. (A complete list of the hex numbers of phonetic symbols.)
Advantages: easy, if you know the number.
Disadvantages: you need to know the number. Does not work with previous versions of Word.
Lucida Sans Unicode is a big font. If you mix it with other fonts it may disturb the line height. So if you want the rest to be in Times New Roman size 12, for example, set the Lucida Sans Unicode to size 10. With Times 10, use Lucida 8.
In Word, you should disable certain AutoCorrect functions that will otherwise automatically make undesirable symbol changes, notably the "correcting" of i to I (since you may want to use the phonetic symbol i on its own).
Be careful over confusingly similar phonetic symbols.
...the best way seems to be
Page created 2002 05 31. Last revised 2007 09 13.
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