SAMPROSA is designed for application in multi-tier transcription and representation systems; in such transcriptions and representations, independent parallel symbolic representations are made of an utterance (a signal) using different segmental or prosodic criteria. The parallel symbolic representations may be related in two different ways:
SAMPROSA ASCII Definition Local tone H 72 High pitch L 76 Low pitch T 84 Top pitch (extreme H) B 66 Bottom pitch (extreme L) M 77 Mid pitch + 43 Higher pitch ++ 43,43 Much higher pitch +- 43,45 Peak (upward-downward) - 45 Lower pitch -- 45,45 Much lower pitch -+ 45,43 Trough (downward-upward) ^ 94 Upstep ^^ 94,94 Wide upstep ! 33 Downstep !! 33,33 Wide downstep = or > or S 61 62 or 83 Level or same tone Global tone : from Local and Nuclear tone repertoire Terminal tone: from Local and Nuclear tone repertoire Nuclear tone - 45 Level tone (before tone group boundary) ' or / or R 39 47 or 82 Rising tone ` or \ or F 96 92 or 70 Falling tone `' (etc.) 96,39 (etc.) Fall-rise '` (etc.) 39,96 (etc.) Rise-fall Length : 58 Segment length mark Stress " 34 Primary stress % 37 Secondary stress Pause ... 46,46,46 Silence Boundary $ 36 Syllable boundary # 35 Word boundary | 124 Tone group boundary (non-directional) [ 91 Tone group boundary (left) ] 93 Tone group boundary (right) Metasymbols - 45 Separator (the underscore, _, ASCII 95, may replace this owing to ambiguity with level tone) * 42 Conjunctor
SAMPA home page, UCL Phonetics and Linguistics home page, University College London home page.
Maintained by J.C. Wells. Created 1995 09 19