Welcome to the KS3 Grammar
This page last changed 26 November 2012
Page maintained by Dick Hudson
What the KS3 grammar site is - and isn't.
This is a tutorial in grammar for teachers of English at KS3 -
the UK terminology for ages 12-14, i.e. Years 7, 8 and 9. It explains
all technical ideas and terms, and makes some suggestions for using
them in teaching, and especially in the teaching of writing.
It doesn't try to cover the whole of English grammar, but presents
enough grammar to satisfy the DfES requirements for teaching English
at KS3. The topics covered include those required at KS2, as well
as a few others; similarly, the terminology is completely compatible
with the official KS2 glossary for literacy as well as with the
official glossary for MFL at KS3, but includes a few extra terms.
The grammar covered here can therefore be seen as a direct extension
of the grammar covered by pupils in KS2, and much of it will already
be familiar to pupils coming into KS3.
How to use it.
The tutorial has three parts:
- the index, which allows you to move between sections.
- the grammar proper, divided by topic into sections. Each
of the main sections also includes:
- brief discussions of the teaching context, explaining
why teachers need to know about the grammar discussed in the
section concerned and how this grammar is relevant to KS3
- some self-assessment material, with model answers;
move between the questions and answers using your browser's
- a glossary which includes (unaltered) the relevant parts
of the KS2 literacy glossary and the KS3 MFL glossary as well
as all the additional technical terms used in this tutorial. This
opens in a separate window so that you can easily move between
it and the main grammar by selecting on the task bar.
Who wrote it
The text is based on material written in 2001-2 under contract
for the Teacher Training Agency, whose original intention was to
issue these units, together with a number of other units dealing
with other aspects of English teaching, as a CD ROM. The TTA abandoned
this plan, and in the absence of any other proposal, this web site
seemed the best way to make the material available to teachers.
The first drafts of all the grammar sections were written by Richard
Hudson, but those on punctuation were by Larry Trask. All the
units were then improved by a number of other people: Keith Brown,
Mary Brown, Annie Grant, Mike Harrison, David Soulsby, Michael Swan
and Catherine Walter. This version was edited by Richard Hudson,
who also wrote the extra entries for the glossary (with help from
Michael Swan and Catherine Walter).
Suggestions for improvement, from non-working links to major organisational
matters, will be much appreciated. Please use email.
Who sent suggestions for improvement
Thanks to the following for suggestions (listed in order of receipt):
Allan C. Wechsler, Richard Watson Todd, Rogelio Reyes, Sarah Cutfield,
All these suggestions have now been acted on.
Acronyms for educational entities
for an overview of recent developments in language education in
KS3 = Key Stage 3, i.e. the third stage of education in
the UK covering years 7, 8 and 9 (age 12-14).
NC = National Curriculum, the National
Curriculum for English (in England).
NLS = National
Literacy Strategy, a government initiative applied in 1999 to
all primary schools in England, and extended in 2001 to KS3 in secondary
schools as the English strand of the KS3
MFL = Modern and Foreign Languages, as defined by the 2003 Framework.