last updated 6 March 2003
Hudson (= me)
Term: Term 2, 2002-3 = 10 weeks.
- 9 weekly lectures (I have to be away in the very last week of term)
- 10 weekly back-up tutorials for all students who want them
- 5 weekly practical classes for students who want them
- Understanding of the main theoretical claims of Word Grammar.
- The course will focus on syntax, but
- it will make cross-references to morphology and semantics.
- Understanding of the main elements of a Word-Grammar analysis of English
- Ability to apply this syntactic analysis to texts.
A portfolio of work to be submitted by 17:00 on Friday 2nd May (late
submissions will not be accepted) containing the following:
- a full Word-Grammar syntactic analysis of any two English
texts of at least 100 words, following the model that I shall
present in the classes;
- the analysis should include:
- all dependency arrows, with labels
- word-classes, including inflections,
- coordination brackets
- the dependency distance for each word
- the summary statistics for dependency distance in each
- a brief comment on how well the statistics reflect the
perceived difficulty of each text.
- for an example of a text analysed as I want, see the Pinker
text which is part of the Encyclopedia.
- an essay of between 1,500 and 2,000 words on one of the following
- Language is a network.
- Sentence structure is based on dependencies, not on phrases.
- Syntax and morphology meet in the word.
- A Word-Grammar analysis, with commentary, of any part of the grammar
of a language other than English.
- Any other topic that you've negotiated with me.
Topics for the lectures
(Handouts can be downloaded in Word format.)
- Dependency structure, phrase structure and coordination. (handout)
- Default inheritance, word classes, valents, selection, raising. (handout)
- The dependency hierarchy, word order, landmarks, surface structure.(handout)
- Extraction and extraposition. (handout)
- What's syntax for? Verb complements. (handout)
- Verb inflections. (handout)
- Morphology: inflectional morphology. (handout,
- Derivational morphology. (handout)
- Understanding, memory, dependency distance. (handout)
- The Encyclopedia of English Grammar and Word Grammar.
- This is on
- It's specially written for this course; I wrote the first editionion
in 1966 and have revised it every other year since then, and I have
just revised it to make it thoroughly up-to-date.
- So this is the main resource for this course; it would have been
'the course textbook' if it had been a book, but it's not a book
(though it is about the length of a modest book).
- You should get to know it, but if you want extra information,
- R. Hudson, English Grammar (Routledge 1998).
- This is the textbook I use with first-year students, so you may
already have a copy.
- It's highly relevant to this course because it teaches you how
to do elementary Word-Grammar analyses.
- But the analyses that I expect in this course are more advanced
than the ones in this book.
- R. Hudson, English Word Grammar (Blackwell 1990).
- I wrote this book 13 years ago, but much of it is still relevant
and I refer to it quite a lot in the Encyclopedia.
- It's out of print so you couldn't buy it (even if you could afford
- there are copies in the UCL library,
- you can see the table of contents, and download three of the
introductory chapters, from here.
- There's a special tutorial on Word Grammar for
graduate students who already know quite a lot about other theories
- There's a web
site for Word Grammar which gives some history, links to other theories
and much more.
- Several of my research papers are available for downloading.
- They include several introductory papers that survey the main
ideas of Word Grammar.
- They go back to 1997.
- For help with sentence analysis, try these sites:
- VISL - a Danish
site designed to help secondary school children to do syntactic
- the analyses are broadly similar to the ones you'll do in
this course, though the notation is different and some details
are very different.
- try your hand at zapping flying adverbs!
- The Internet
Grammar of English - a site based in UCL.
- teaches phrase-structure analyses, but these are generally
easy to translate into Word Grammar.
- includes some exercises.