ALL

last changed in 2002

What word-class does ALL belong to? The evidence seems to suggest that it is a determiner-like pronoun. Like other determiners it allows a common noun as its complement (all students), and cannot itself combine with a preceding determiner or adjective (*the/good all students), but it is unlike most determiners in various respects:

(1) They have all/each written an essay.

This list of exceptional features makes one wonder whether ALL really is a pronoun, but on balance this seems the simplest analysis. One possible conclusion is that it belongs to a mixed category, pronoun and adjective. (This would explain why it can be modified by an adverb.) This doesn't help with the floating-quantifier use, which looks like a purely idiosyncratic fact which it happens to share with EACH.

 

 

 

 

 

 

This is an article from the Encyclopedia of Word Grammar and English grammar. If you refer to it, please give the url as "http://tinyurl.com/wg-encyc".